Why Unified Namespace (UNS) projects fail


Which connectors does i-flow support?

The Industrial Unified Namespace (UNS) is establishing itself as the leading data architecture in the manufacturing industry. Nevertheless, there are major challenges when introducing this architecture concept. Technical hurdles can often be overcome, but organizational challenges pose greater problems for companies. In the following, we explain why Unified Namespace (UNS) projects fail in practice by looking at the six most common organizational pitfalls that need to be avoided.

Unified Namespace (UNS): 6 reasons why projects fail


1. Unified Namespace (UNS) not derived from company goals

A key factor in the failure of the UNS architecture in production is the inadequate definition of clear objectives at company level. It is defined “what” (e.g. Mosquitto Broker as a central infrastructure component) and “how” (e.g. via own DevOps resources) the UNS should be introduced. However, the most important question remains unanswered: Why? To what extent does the company pursue overarching corporate goals with the UNS architecture? To what extent does the UNS introduction influence these goals? A lack of focus on the overarching goals leads to a rapid fading of the initial hype, motivation and prioritization among employees.


2. Lack of standardization of OT data

In the factory environment in particular, there is often a lack of governance mechanisms for the standardized organization and structuring of OT data, e.g. in the form of data architecture guidelines. In practice, this gap always leads to problems in scaling and significantly impairs the success of the UNS introduction. Without company-wide standardization and harmonization of machine data, the introduction of a UNIFIED Namespace is doomed to failure.


3. Lack of resources & budget for data infrastructure

Why Unified Namespace (UNS) projects fail? A lack of financial resources, insufficient specialist staff and capacity are killers for the introduction of a UNS architecture. No long-term success without resources! The definition of a project manager is not sufficient! Instead, companies need to define new responsibilities and roles in order to build a sustainable UNS architecture. Based on this, it is crucial to allocate appropriate budgets to fill these positions with experts and to equip the experts with the necessary tools (e.g. for the data infrastructure).


4. Too much focus on technology and too little on added value

A common dilemma is that companies get lost in technical details instead of focusing their already scarce resources on the essentials. While the focus should be on process optimization on the basis of data, resources, which are usually scarce anyway, are occupied with the implementation of the UNS infrastructure. Although components for data storage, processing, distribution and visualization are essential, they are merely a means to an end.


5. Lack of commitment at management level

Another reason for the failure of the UNS architecture in production is the lack of prioritization at management level. Without a clear commitment, the management level merely grants the necessary freedom. In the medium term, this leads to a lack of prioritization and resources, which is detrimental to sustainable implementation. The management level must recognize the importance of data and the UNS architecture for the future success of the company, actively promote it and communicate its relevance for the company’s goals.


6. Culture eats Unified Namespace (UNS) for breakfast

Data culture refers to the way an organization perceives, uses and values data to promote informed decision-making. Collaboration and the involvement of all employees are particularly important on the shopfloor. Without the active involvement of employees at all hierarchical levels, the realization of data projects – and therefore also the introduction of a UNS – is doomed to failure. A well-organized change process and the creation of a “data culture”, on the other hand, significantly increases the chances of success.



Careful planning is crucial to avoid the pitfalls mentioned above. This includes clear governance mechanisms, the active involvement of employees and regular reviews of progress so that adjustments can be made. Read our white paper for more information. It is important to emphasize that the introduction of a UNS should not be seen as a one-off project, but rather must be transferred into the organizational structure. This is the only way to achieve long-term success!


i-flow – Unified Namespace (UNS) for the Industrial IoT

The i-flow software offers an Industrial Unified Namespace (UNS) – tailor-made for use in factories. It provides the key components for implementing a UNS architecture.

i-flow Industrial Unified Namespace (UNS)

Connectivity Layer: With over 200 connectors, you can integrate common OT and IT systems into your UNS with just a few clicks – whether in the shopfloor or in IT.

Harmonization Layer: The i-flow software harmonizes and standardizes system interfaces and source data before the data is made available to other systems in the Message Broker.

Message-Broker: i-flow provides a fully integrated and powerful MQTT broker. If the infrastructure already exists, the software supports existing message brokers such as MQTT and Kafka.

Microservices: Combine, aggregate and transform OT and IT data via i-flow microservices. Example: Instead of a cycle time, a machine only provides a time stamp at the start and end of the process. Using an i-flow microservice, the cycle time can be calculated and published in standardized form in the UNS.

Try it out now - free trial version

Take a test and see for yourself the unlimited possibilities that i-flow offers. 30 days free trial, on your systems.

Your question has not been answered? Make a non-binding inquiry now.

Our data policy applies.